PAMPHYLIA, region in the southern part of Asia Minor. According to a Roman decree quoted in I Maccabees (15:16ff.), Pamphylia was among those countries notified by the Roman consul Lucius (142 B.C.E.) of the renewed pact of friendship between the Roman Senate and the Jewish nation under the high priest Simeon. Numerous scholars have deduced from this document that a Jewish community existed in Pamphylia (cf. F.-M. Abel, Les Livres des Maccabées (1949), 269) as well as the other districts mentioned in the decree. There is, however, only sparse information on Jewish communities in Pamphylia. There is some information about the Jews in Pamphylia in the city of Side in I Maccabees 15:23 (cf. also a late inscription from the Byzantine period from Side (Journal of Hellenic Studies, 28 (1908), 195), and also mention of Jews in Pamphylia in Philo's Legatio ad Gaium, 281, and in Acts 2:10. Josephus makes no mention of such a community, and refers to the area primarily in connection with Herod, who was nearly shipwrecked not far from Pamphylia on his way to Rome in 40 B.C.E. (Ant. 14:377; Wars 1:280). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Gesch, 3 (19094), 22; Juster, Juifs, 1 (1914), 192. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pamphylĭa — Pamphylĭa, Provinz in Kleinasien, ein schmaler Küstenstrich, begrenzt in Westen von Lykien, in Norden von Pisidien, in Osten von Kilikien u. in Süden von einem Meerbusen des Mittelmeeres (Pamphyllum mare), welcher sich vom Chelidonischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pamphylia — ancient region in modern Turkey, from Gkree, lit. place of all races, from pan all (see PAN (Cf. pan )) + phylon race (see PHYLUM (Cf. phylum)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pamphylia — [pam fil′ē ə] ancient region in S Asia Minor, on the Mediterranean …   English World dictionary

  • Pamphylia — In ancient geography, Pamphylia was the region in the south of Asia Minor, between Lycia and Cilicia, extending from the Mediterranean to Mount Taurus (modern day Antalya province, Side, Turkey). It was bounded on the north by Pisidia and was… …   Wikipedia

  • Pamphylia — Kleinasien in der Antike Pamphylien ist eine antike Landschaft an der mittleren Südküste von Kleinasien etwa von der heutigen Großstadt Antalya nach Osten zum Taurus Gebirge in der Türkei. Ihre Nachbarregionen hießen Lykien (im Westen), Pisidien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PAMPHYLIA — I. PAMPHYLIA quae et Mopsopia, teste Pliniô, l. 5. c. 27. regio minoris Asiae ad Austrum versus oram littoralem maris, quod Pamphylium appellatur, inter Lyciam ad Occidentem et Ciliciam ad Ortum, a Phrygia magna Taurô monte divisa. Urbes quondam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pamphylia —    Paul and his company, loosing from Paphos, sailed north west and came to Perga, the capital of Pamphylia (Acts 13:13, 14), a province about the middle of the southern sea board of Asia Minor. It lay between Lycia on the west and Cilicia on the …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Pamphylia — An area in SW Asia Minor in which Jews were living in the 2nd cent. BCE (1 Macc. 15:23) and which was included in Paul s itinerary. At Perga John Mark left the party (Acts 13:13) and at Attalia Paul and Barnabas boarded a ship for Antioch… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Pamphylia — geographical name ancient district & Roman province S Asia Minor on coast S of Pisidia • Pamphylian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Pamphylia — /pam fil ee euh/, n. an ancient country in S Asia Minor: later a Roman province. * * * ▪ ancient district, Anatolia       ancient maritime district of southern Anatolia, originally a narrow strip of land that curved along the Mediterranean… …   Universalium

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